Energy management challenges

Oil based fuels used in freight, as well as public and private sector passenger transport account for 30% of energy consumed by Australian end-use sectors in 2012–13. This includes aviation fuels, but excludes oil based fuel use in the non-transport sector.

Growth in transport-related energy use is projected to be moderated by both improved end-use efficiency in the sector, and high fuel prices.

Energy consumption of all transport, including the private passenger transport sector, is projected to grow at a rate of 1.3% per annum until 2050, with road transport (the largest contribution to transport energy consumption) projected to grow at 0.65% per annum. This is well below the historical average real economic growth rate. Nonetheless, the share of total energy consumption by the transport sector is expected to increase from 29% in 2014–15 to 32% in 2045–50. 

What is the size of the opportunity for passenger transport?

Productivity, in its most basic form, is the ratio of output produced to input used.

A 2008 survey of 18 IEA member countries revealed that Australia had the least efficient passenger transport. It was also one of the few countries in which the efficiency of passenger transport had decreased since 1990. In an analysis of 27 countries, Australia also had one of the lowest fuel economy figures for new vehicles.

There is therefore scope for significant improvement in the energy efficiency and productivity of Australia’s passenger transport sector.

What are the elements of an energy productivity program?

1. ‘Traditional’ energy management – improving energy efficiency through better management of energy use, including the implementation of innovative technologies, best practice data-management and benchmarking energy management to facilitate energy productivity decision making.

2. Systems optimisation – focusing on energy-related aspects of the passenger transport system, including integrated urban infrastructure planning and design to optimise asset utilisation, including reducing congestion. These changes may be
implemented for reasons of broader productivity improvement, but greater value can be realised by bringing to them a deliberate focus on energy productivity specifically.

3. Business model transformation – focusing on the energy-related aspects of fundamental longer term change in the provision of public and private passenger transport solutions. This relates to the design, development and operation of passenger transport assets (including private vehicles) and infrastructure.


Note:  The text above is an extract from the A2SE's "The energy productivity roadmap: Re-shaping passenger transport".  Energetics' Anita Stadler was the lead author on this paper.

Access the report:  The energy productivity roadmap: Re-shaping passenger transport

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